油库工程主要通用材料设备及其选择

油库运维2020-05-22 15:15:18

油库工程主要通用材料设备及其选择

一、油库常用钢材与焊接材料及其选用

1.油罐常用钢材的化学成分及力学性能

钢 号化学成分 /%常温力学性能
CMnSiSP屈服点σs/(N/mm²)抗拉强度σb/(N/mm²)伸长率δ/%
Q235A0.14~0.220.30~0.650.12~0.30≤0.050≤0.045375~460185~23521~26
200.17~0.240.35~0.650.17~0.37≤0.035≤0.035


20R≤0.200.40~0.900.15~0.30≤0.030≤0.035400~530215~24523~26
16Mn0.12~0.201.20~1.600.20~0.55≤0.045≤0.0454


16MnR≤0.201.20~1.600.20~0.55≤0.030≤0.035470~655285~34519~21
15MnVR≤0.181.20~1.600.20~0.60≤0.035≤0.035490~675335~39017~18

2.油罐常用钢板标准及使用范围

序号钢 号钢板标准使用范围力学性能检查项目备 注
许用温度/℃许用最大板厚度/mm
1Q235A·FGB/T1700
GB/T3274
>-2012按相应钢
材标准规定
2Q235AGB/T1700
GB/T3274
>-20
>0
12
20
3Q235BGB/T1700
GB/T3274
>-20
>0
12
24
4Q235CGB/T1700
GB/T3274
>-20
>0
16
30
520RGB6654>-2034
6Q345BGB/T1591
GB/T3274
>-20
>0
12
20
7Q345CGB/T1591
GB/T3274
>-20
>0
12
24
816MnRGB6654>-2034
916MnDRGB3531>-4016
1015MnNbRGB6654>-2034
1112MnNiVRGB19189>-2034
1207MnNiCrMoVDRGB19189>-4016

①设计温度低于0℃时,仅适用于厚度由刚度所决定的罐壁板以及罐顶板、中幅板。

②当满足CB50341的4.2.5条规定时,许用温度可低至-25℃,但许用厚度不得大于16mm。

3.油罐常用钢材的规格及相关参数

①槽钢规格及相关参数

槽钢截面图

型号截面尺寸 /mm截面面积 /cm²理论质量 /(kg/m)惯性矩 /cm*4惯性半径 /cm截面模数 /cm³重心距离 /cm
hbdtrr₁ΙxΙyΙy₁ixiyWxWyZo
880435.08.08.04.010.2488.04510116.637.43.151.2725.35.791.43
10100485.38.58.54.212.74810.00719825.654.93.951.4139.77.801.52
12120535.59.09.04.515.36212.05934637.477.74.751.5657.710.21.62
12.6126535.59.09.04.515.69212.31839138.077.14.951.5762.110.21.59
14a140586.09.59.54.818.51614.53556453.21075.521.7080.513.01.71
14b608.021.31616.73360961.11215.351.6987.114.11.67
16a160636.510.010.05.021.96217.2486673.31446.281.8310816.31.80
16b658.525.16219.75293583.41616.101.8211717.61.75
18a180687.010.510.55.225.69920.174127098.61907.041.9614120.01.88
18b709.029.29923.00013701112106.841.9515221.51.84
20a200737.011.011.05.528.83722.63717801282447.862.1117824.22.01
20b759.032.83725.77719101442687.642.0919125.91.95
22a220777.011.511.55.831.84624.99923901582988.672.2321828.22.10
22b799.036.24628.45325701763268.422.2123430.12.03
24a240787.012.012.06.034.21726.86030501743259.452.2525430.52.10
24b809.039.01730.62832801943559.172.2327432.52.03
24c8211.043.81734.39635102133888.962.2129334.42.00
25a250787.034.91727.41033701763229.822.2427030.62.07
25b809.039.91731.33535301963539.412.2228232.71.98
25c8211.044.91735.26036902183849.072.2129535.91.92
27a270827.512.512.56.239.28430.838436021639310.52.3432335.52.13
27b849.544.68435.077469023942810.32.3134737.72.06
27c8611.550.08439.316502026146710.12.2837239.82.03
28a280827.540.03431.427476021838810.92.3334035.72.10
28b849.545.63435.823513024242810.62.3036637.92.02
28c8611.551.23440.219550026846310.42.2939340.31.95
30a300857.513.513.56.843.90234.463605026046711.72.4340341.12.17
30b879.549.90239.173650028951511.42.4143344.02.13
30c8911.555.90243.883695031656011.22.3846346.42.09

②等边角钢规格及相关参数

等边角钢截面图

型号截面尺寸 /mm截面面积 /cm²理论质量 /(kg/m)外表面积 /(㎡/m)惯性矩 /cm*4惯性半径 /cm截面模数 /cm³重心距离 /cm
bdrTxΙx₁Ιx0Ιy0ixix0iy0WxWx0WyoZo
3.03034.51.7491.3730.1171.462.712.310.610.911.150.590.681.090.510.85
42.2761.7860.1171.843.632.920.770.901.130.580.871.370.620.89
3.63632.1091.6560.1412.584.684.091.071.111.390.710.991.610.761.00
42.7562.1630.1413.293.255.221.371.091.380.701.282.050.931.04
53.3822.6540.1413.957.846.241.651.081.360.701.562.451.001.07
440352.3591.8520.1573.596.415.691.491.231.550.791.232.010.961.09
43.0862.4220.1574.608.565.291.911.221.540.791.602.581.191.13
53.7912.9760.1565.5310.748.762.301.211.520.781.963.101.391.17
4.54532.6592.0880.1775.179.128.202.141.401.760.891.582.581.241.22
43.4862.7360.1776.6512.1810.562.751.381.740.892.053.321.541.26
54.2923.3690.1768.0415.212.743.331.371.720.882.514.001.811.30
65.0763.9850.1.769.3318.3614.76.3.891.361.700.82.954.642.061.33
55035.52.9712.3320.1977.1812.511.372.981.551.961.001.963.221.571.34
43.8973.0590.1979.2616.6914.703.821.541.940.992.564.161.961.38
54.8033.7700.19611.2120.9017.794.641.531.920.981.135.032.311.42
65.6884.4650.19613.0525.1420.685.421.521.910.983.685.852.631.46
5.656363.3436.6240.22110.1917.5616.144.241.752.201.132.484.082.021.48
44.3903.4460.22013.1823.4320.925.461.732.181.113.245.282.521.53
55.4154.2510.22016.0229.3325.426.611.722.171.103.976.422.981.57
66.4205.0400.22018.6935.2629.667.731.712.151.104.687.493.401.61
77.4045.8120.21921.2341.2333.638.821.692.131.095.358.493.801.64
88.3676.5680.21923.6347.2437.379.891.682.111.096.039.444.161.68
66056.55.8294.5760.23619.8936.0531.578.211.852.331.194.597.443.481.67
66.9145.4270.23523.2543.3336.899.601.832.311.185.418.703.981.70
77.9776.2620.23526.4450.6541.9210.961.822.291.176.219.884.451.74
89.0207.0810.23529.4758.0246.6612.281.812.271.176.9811.004.881.78
6.363474.9783.9070.24819.0333.3530.177.891.962.461.264.136.783.291.70
56.1434.8220.24823.1741.7336.779.571.942.451.255.088.253.901.74
67.2885.7210.24727.1250.1443.0311.201.932.431.246.009.664.461.78
78.4126.6030.24730.8758.6048.9612.791.922.411.236.8810.994.981.82
89.5157.4690.24734.4667.1154.5614.331.902.401.237.7512.255.471.85
1011.6579.1510.24641.0984.3164.8517.331.882.361.229.3914.566.361.93
770485.5704.3720.27526.3945.7441.8010.992.182.741.405.148.444.171.86
56.8755.3970.27532.2157.2151.0813.312.162.731.396.3210.324.951.91
68.1606.4060.27537.7768.7359.9315.612.152.711.387.4812.115.671.95
79.4247.3980.27543.0980.2968.3517.822.142.691.388.5913.816.341.99
810.6678.3730.27448.1791.9276.3719.982.122.681.379.6815.436.982.03
7.575597.4125.8180.29539.9770.5663.3016.632.332.921.507.3211.945.772.04
68.7976.9050.29446.9584.5574.3819.512.312.901.498.6414.026.672.07
710.1607.9760.29453.5798.7198.9622.182.302.891.489.9316.027.442.11
811.5039.0300.29459.96112.9795.0724.862.282.881.4711.2017.938.192.15
912.82510.0680.29466.10127.30104.7127.482.272.861.4612.4319.758.892.18
1014.12611.0890.29371.98141.71113.9230.052.262.841.4613.6421.489.562.22
88057.9126.2110.31548.7985.3677.3320.252.483.131.608.3413.676.662.15
69.3977.3760.31457.35102.5090.9823.722.473.111.599.8716.087.652.19
710.8608.5250.31465.58119.70104.0727.092.463.101.5811.3718.408.582.23
812.3039.6580.31473.49136.97116.6030.392.443.081.5712.8320.619.462.27
913.72510.7740.31481.11154.31128.6033.612.433.061.5614.2522.7310.292.31
1015.12611.8740.31388.43171.74140.0936.772.423.041.5615.6424.7611.082.35
99061010.6378.3500.35482.77145.87131.2634.282.793.511.8012.6120.639.952.44
712.3019.6560.35494.83170.30150.4739.182.783.501.7814.5423.6411.192.48
813.94410.9460.353106.47194.80168.9743.972.763.481.7816.4226.5512.352.52
915.56612.2190.353117.72219.39186.7748.662.753.461.7718.2729.3513.462.56
1017.16713.4760.353128.58244.07203.9053.262.743.451.7620.0732.0414.522.59
1220.30615.9400.352149.22293.76236.2162.222.713.411.7523.5737.1216.492.67
1010061211.9329.3660.393114.95200.07181.9847.923.103.902.0015.6825.7412.692.67
713.79610.8300.393131.86233.54208.9754.743.093.891.9918.1029.5514.262.71
815.63812.2760.393148.24267.09235.0761.413.083.881.9820.4733.2415.752.76
917.46213.7080.392164.12300.73260.3067.953.073.861.9722.7936.8117.182.80
1019.26115.1200.392179.51334.48284.6874.353.053.841.9625.0640.2618.542.84
1222.80017.8980.391208.90402.34330.9586.843.033.811.9529.4846.8021.082.91
1426.25620.6110.391236.53470.75374.0699.003.003.771.9433.7352.9023.442.99
1629.62723.2570.390262.53539.80414.16110.892.983.741.9437.8258.5725.633.06
1111071215.19611.9280.433177.16310.64280.9473.383.414.302.2022.0536.1217.512.96
817.23813.5350.433199.46355.20316.4982.423.404.282.1924.9540.6919.393.01
1021.26116.6900.432242.19444.65384.3999.983.384.252.1730.6049.4222.913.09
1225.20019.7820.431282.55534.60448.17116.933.354.222.1536.0557.6226.153.16
1429.05622.8090.431320.71625.16508.01133.403.324.182.1441.3165.3129.143.24
12.512581419.75015.5040.492297.03521.01470.89123.163.884.882.5032.5253.2825.863.37
1024.37319.1330.491361.67651.93573.89149.463.854.852.4839.9764.9330.623.45
1228.91222.6960.491423.16783.42671.44174.883.834.822.4641.1775.9635.033.53
1433.36726.1930.490481.65915.61763.73199.573.804.782.4554.1686.4139.133.61
1637.73929.6250.489537.311048.62850.98223.653.774.752.4360.9396.2842.963.68
14140101427.37321.4880.551514.65915.11817.27212.044.345.462.7850.5882.5639.203.82
1232.51225.5220.551603.681099.28958.79248.574.315.432.7659.8096.8545.023.90
1437.56729.4900.550688.811284.221093.56284.064.285.402.7568.75110.4750.453.98
1642.53933.3930.549770.241470.071221.81318.674.265.362.7477.46123.4255.554.06
15150823.75018.6440.592521.37899.55827.49215.254.695.903.0147.3678.0238.143.99
1029.37323.0580.591637.501125.091012.79262.214.665.872.9958.3595.4945.514.08
1234.91227.4060.591748.851351.261189.97307.734.635.842.9769.041121.1952.284.15
1440.36731.6880.590855.641578.251359.30351.984.605.802.9579.45128.1658.834.23
1543.06333.8040.590907.391692.101441.09373.694.595.782.9584.56135.8761.904.27
1645.73935.9050.589958.081806.211521.02395.144.585.772.9489.59143.4064.894.31

③不等边角钢规格及相关参数

不等边角钢截面图

型号截面尺寸 /mm截面面积 /cm²理论质量 /(kg/m)外表面积 /(㎡/m)惯性矩 /cm*4惯性半径 /cm截面模数 /cm³tgα重心距离 /cm
BbdrIxΙx₁ΙyΙy₁IuixiyiuWxWyWuXoYo
4/
2.5
4025341.8901.4840.1273.085.390.931.590.561.280.700.541.150.490.400.3850.591.12
42.4671.9360.1273.938.531.182.140.711.360.690.541.490.630.520.3810.631.32
4.5/
2.8
4528352.1491.6870.1434459.101.342.230.801.440.790.611.470.620.510.3830.641.37
42.8062.2030.1435.6912.131.703.001.021.420.780.601.910.800.660.3800.681.47
5/
3.2
503235.52.4311.9080.1616.2412.492.023.311.201.600.910.701.840.820.680.4040.731.151
43.1772.4940.1608.0216.652.584.451.531.590.900.692.391.060.870.4020.771.60
5.6/
3.6
5636362.7432.1530.1818.8817.542.924.701.731.801.030.792.321.050.870.4080.801.65
43.5902.8180.18011.4523.393.766.332.231.791.020.793.031.371.130.4080.851.78
54.4153.4660.18013.8629.254.497.942.671.771.010.783.711.651.360.4040.881.82
6.3/
4
6340474.0583.1850.20216.4933.305.238.633.122.021.140.883.871.701.400.3980.921.87
54.9933.9200.20220.0241.636.3110.863.762.001.120.874.742.071.710.3960.952.04
65.9084.6380.20123.3649.987.2913.124.341.961.110.865.592.431.990.3930.992.08
76.8025.3390.20126.5358.078.2415.474.971.981.100.866.402.782.290.3891.032.12
7/
4.5
704547.54.5473.5700.22623.1745.927.5512.264.402.261.290.984.862.171.770.4101.022.15
55.6094.4030.22527.9557.109.1315.395.402.231.280.985.922.652.190.4071.062.24
66.6475.2180.22532.5468.3510.6218.586.352.211.260.986.953.122.590.4041.092.28
77.6576.0110.22537.2279.9912.0121.847.162.201.250.978.033.572.940.4021.132.32
7.5/
5
7550586.1254.8080.24534.8670.0012.6121.047.412.391.441.106.833.302.740.4351.172.36
67.2605.6990.24541.1284.3014.7025.378.542.381.421.088.123.883.190.4351.212.40
89.4677.4310.24452.39112.5018.5334.2310.872.351.401.0710.524.994.100.4291.292.44
1011.5909.0980.24462.71140.8021.9643.4313.102.331.381.0612.796.044.990.4231.362.52
8/
5
805056.3755.0050.25541.9685.2112.8221.067.662.561.421.107.783.322.740.3881.142.60
67.5605.9350.25549.49102.5314.9525.418.852.561.411.089.253.913.200.3871.182.65
78.7246.8480.25556.16119.3346.9629.8210.182.541.391.0810.584.483.700.3840.212.69
89.8677.7450.25462.83136.4118.8534.3211.382.521.381.0711.925.034.160.3811.252.73

二、管材和管件的性能规格及其选择

1.无缝钢管规格及技术数据

公称直径 /mm外径 /mm内径 /mm壁厚 /mm每m管长外表面积 /m²金属截面积 /cm²净断面积 /cm²每m管长容积 /m³每m质量 /(kg/m)最高耐压力 /kPa
3238313.50.11943.797.550.000762.9828714
4045
57
38
50
3.5
3.5
0.1414
0.1791
4.56
5.88
11.34
19.64
0.00113
0.00196
3.58
4.62
23422
17836
5060
60
53
52
3.5
4.0
0.1885
0.1885
6.21
7.04
22.06
21.24
0.00221
0.00212
4.88
5.52
16856
19600
6573
76
65
68
4.0
4.0
0.2293
0.2388
8.67
9.05
33.18
36.32
0.00332
0.00363
6.81
7.10
15680
14994
8089
108
81
100
4.0
4.0
0.2796
0.3393
10.68
13.07
51.53
78.54
0.00515
0.00785
8.40
10.30
12544
10192
100114
133
106
125
4.0
4.0
0.3581
0.4178
13.82
16.21
88.25
122.72
0.00883
0.01227
10.85
12.73
9604
8134
125140
159
130
150
5.0
4.5
0.4398
0.4995
21.21
21.84
132.73
176.72
0.01327
0.01767
16.65
17.15
9800
7644
150159
194
149
182
5.0
6.0
0.4995
0.6095
24.19
35.44
174.37
260.16
0.01748
0.02602
18.99
27.82
8526
8428
200219
219
207
203
6.0
8.0
0.6880
0.6880
40.15
53.03
336.54
323.66
0.03365
0.03237
31.52
41.63
7350
9996
250273
273
38
50
7.0
8.0
0.8577
0.8577
58.50
66.60
526.85
518.75
0.05269
0.05188
45.92
52.28
6860
7938
3003253098.01.02179.67749.910.0750062.548526
3503773599.01.184104.051012.230.1012281.636370
4004264089.01.338117.901307.410.1307492.5565.66

2.低压流体输送用螺旋缝埋弧焊管规格(SY/T5037──2000)

公称直径 D/mm公称壁厚 T/mm
55.45.666.37.188.8101112.514.21617.520
每米理论质量M/(kg/m)
27333.0535.6436.9339.5141.4446.5652.2857.3464.86





323.939.3242.4243.9647.0449.3455.4762.3268.3877.41





355.643.2346.6448.3451.7354.2761.0268.5875.2685.23





(377)75.8749.4951.2954.9057.5964.7772.8079.9190.51





406.449.5053.4055.3559.2562.1669.9678.6086.2997.76107.26




(426)51.9156.0158.0662.1565.2173.3582.4790.54102.59112.58




45755.7360.1462.3466.7370.0278.7888.5897.27110.24120.24137.03



508

69.3874.2877.9587.7198.65108.34122.81134.82152.75



(529)

72.2877.3981.2191.28102.79112.89127.99140.52159.22



559

76.4381.8385.8796.64108.71119.41135.39148.66168.47



610


89.3793.80105.57118.77130.47147.97162.49184.19



(630)


92.3396.90109.07122.72134.81152.90167.92190.36



660


96.77101.56114.32128.63141.32160.30176.06199.60226.15


711



109.49123.25138.70152.39172.88189.89215.33244.01


(720)



110.89124.83140.47154.35175.10192.34218.10247.17


762



117.41132.18148.76163.46185.45203.73231.05261.87


813



125.33141.11158.82174.53198.03217.56246.77279.73


864



133.26150.04168.88185.60210.61231.40262.49297.59334.61

914





178.75196.45222.94244.96277.90315.10354.34

1016





198.87218.58248.09272.63309.35350.82394.58

1067






229.65260.67286.47325.07368.68414.71

3.一般耐油胶管规格和技术数据

内径夹布输油胶管夹布输水胶管夹布蒸汽胶管夹布空气胶管夹布输酸碱胶管夹布输硫酸胶管胶管长度 /m
mmin供输送常温汽油、
柴油、滑油等
输送常温水及
中性液体
输送温度
150℃
以下饱
和蒸气
输送温度
150℃以下
过热水
供输送常温
空气及惰性气体
供输送常温下
浓度40%以下的
酸碱溶液
供输送常温下
浓度40%以下的
硫酸溶液

工作压力 /kPa
131/2784980294686343588~78458878498058868658868620
165/8784980294686343588~78458878498058868658868620
193/4490588686784980294490686343588~78458878498058868658868620
227/8490588686784980294490686343588~78458878498049068649068620
251294490588686784980294490686343588~78458878498049058868649058868620
325/4294490588686784980294490686343588~78458878498049058868649058868620
383/2490588686784980294490686343588~78458878498049058868649058868620
457/4294490588686784980294490686343588~78458878498049058868649058868620
512294490588686784980294490686343588~78458878498049058868649058868620
645/2294490588686784980294490686343588~78458878498049058868649058868620
763294490588686784980294490686343588~78458878498049058868649058868620
8931/32944905886867849802944906865887849804905886867;8;9
10242944905886867849802944906865887849804905886867;8;9
12752944905886867849802944906865887844905886867;8
15262944905886862944906865884905886867;8

三、大气压力与海拔高度的关系

大气压力与海拔高度的关系

大气压力单位海拔高度 /m
01002003005006007008001000120015002000
10*5Pa1.0331.021.010.990.970.960.950.940.930.890.860.81
mH₂O10.3310.210.19.99.79.69.59.49.38.98.68.1
mmHg760751742733716707699690674658635596


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